Twenty-eighth of May

   During the Estado Novo (1926-74), 28 May was an important national holiday celebrated by the regime as marking the day of the 1926 military coup led by General Gomes da Costa, which overthrew the first parliamentary republic. During that 48-year period, the regime employed this celebration as a means to impress the citizenry with its armed strength and support, show solidarity among regime stalwarts, and unify regime ranks. Traditionally, the regime organized a military parade in Lisbon on the major Avenida de Liberdade, from Praça Pombal to Praça Rossio. In regime propaganda, 28 May symbolized the beginning of the so-called "National Revolution" of the conservative, nationalist, corporatist authoritarian system led by Prime Minister António de Oliveira Salazar and later by Prime Minister Marcello Caetano, until it was overthrown in 1974.
   See also Revolution of 25 april 1974; Twenty-fifth of April.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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